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A color lithograph of George and Kate Ann Williams’s Victorian  mansion, located at 18th and Couch streets downtown.

This spooky-looking Portland mansion was home of a 'starvation cult'

A prominent Portland socialite led a sect called "Truth," with the motto "Pray and Be Cured," that required 40-day fasts. It vanished after its leader starved herself to death during a 110-day fast. Here's the story.

An illustration of the scene in the Davis Hotel when detectives saw a hand suddenly  reach out from under the bed, grabbing for a pistol hidden there, from the Portland Morning Oregonian.

Railroad Murder mystery solved with the victim's help

The thieves, cornered in a boxcar, shot their way out, mortally wounding a railroad "bull." But the dying man was still a pretty good shot. Here's the story.

The archway monument leading up to the Wallowa County Courthouse,  built in 1936. The bronze plaque on the inside left of the arch includes  the name of murderer and horse thief Bruce “Blue” Evans.

A monument in honor of a horse thief and mass murderer?

Bruce "Blue" Evans led the gang that slaughtered over 30 innocent Chinese miners in 1887. So why is his name celebrated on a monument to Wallowa County Pioneers? Probably because they didn't know. Here's the story.

Legendary Coast Guard rescue-boat man Tom McAdams.

Newport's legendary cigar-chomping Coast Guard lifesaver:

In one famous incident, he saved four drowning people and earned a lifesaving medal — but the Coast Guard had wanted to reprimand him for risking their nicest boat to do it. Here's the story.

Jonathan Bourne Jr., the rascally and creative political mastermind behind the 'hold-up session.'

The legislature's notorious 40-day drunken party

Lawmaker Jonathan Bourne Jr. knew if the state House convened, it would elect his opponent. So he held things up for six weeks — with a Bacchanalian bender. Here's the story.

Three Rocks Beach, Camp Westwind, the mouth of the Salmon River and Cascade  Head as they appear today.

Is there pirate loot buried at this YWCA youth camp?

The discovery of a giant skeleton in the 1930s suggested that the old Indian legend of a pirate ship sinking in the Salmon River might be true ... or maybe not. Here's the story.

This is not a picture of the Sunshine; it's a lumber schooner of a similar type, the Wawona. The Sunshine, on her way home from her maiden voyage to San Francisco, vanished and then reappeared, upside down, 200 miles off course.

Gold was gone when schooner washed ashore ... empty

The fate of the Sunshine's passengers and crew is unknown ... did somebody wreck the ship on purpose?. Here's the story.

The steamer Telephone, fastest boat on the river in the 1880s and possibly the world -- until it burned to the waterline one day.

riverboat captain had to choose: save passengers, or save his boat?

The steamboat Telephone caught fire at the widest spot in the Columbia; the decision must not have been too tough, because Captain U.B. Scott didn't hesitate for a moment. Here's what happened.

The gravestone of Ame, who despite having died 10 years after the Civil War, was still considered a slave.


Ame came over the Oregon Trail from Missouri. But when the North won the Civil War, her status as a slave didn't change. Here's what happened.

Ray V.B. Jackson in a booking photo from the Oregon State Pen, in 1896. Four years after this photo was taken, he was teaching grade school in Silver Lake.

Is this the face of oregon's first serial killer?

Like an "angel of death," ex-con Ray V.B. Jackson just happened to be at the scene of at least five Central Oregon homicides. What are the odds? Here's the story (in two parts).

Early Oregon 'holy roller' cult ended in murder, suicide, insanity

THE holy-roller "NAKED LADIES' CULT" IN CORVALLIS and waldport.

It started out as a church seeking perfect holiness and Godliness. It ended in murder, insanity and chaos — and, yes, rumors of naked ladies. Check out the full story (in two parts).

Offbeat Oregon History: Album cover art

How Oregon almost lost public access to its beaches

After a beachfront landowner discovered a loophole in the law and fenced off “his” beach, other oceanfront property owners were eager to follow suit. Governor Tom McCall was determined to stop them, and this is how he did it.

People play on the beach near Haystack Rock at Cannon Beach in the
summer of 1966. A little north of this scene, Surfsand Motel owner
William Hay had fenced off the dry sands of the beach, sparking the
next year’s fight over public beach access. (Image: Postcard by Morton

If you’re over 60 years old, and have lived in Oregon for most of your life, my apologies — because you surely already know this story.

For younger Oregonians and more recent arrivals, though, this is a piece of state history that you should know — especially if you enjoy occasional trips to the beach.

This is the story of Republican governor Tom McCall and the fight that saved the state’s beaches for public access, after certain beachfront landowners figured out that there was a loophole in the state law stipulating public beach ownership.

The public-beach law ... and the loophole in it

The beaches, as you’ve probably heard, were made public property in 1912 by Gov. Oswald West, who did it by declaring them highways. This sounds today like a stretch, but at the time, it was anything but; there wasn’t a road along the coast until the 1920s, and if you wanted to get from Arch Cape to Cannon Beach without detouring through Hillsboro, you pretty much had to use the beach.

This vintage 1930s postcard shows the beach still being used as a
highway. This car is driving over the roadbed blasted into Hug Point,
just south of the area of beach fenced off by William Hay in 1969.

Since that time, nearly everyone in the state had just sort of assumed that the beaches were public — all of the beaches, from the water to the vegetation line — and behaved accordingly.

Until, that is, a Portland real-estate man named William Hay, owner of the Surfsand Motel at Cannon Beach, figured out that the law didn’t actually say that. The law said the state owned the beach from the low-tide line to the high-tide line — that is, the “wet sand” part of the beach, the part that had actually been used as a highway.

So in 1966, Hay got busy fencing off the “dry sands” of Cannon Beach in front of his motel. The fenceline went all the way down to the high-tide line, as per the letter of the law, which meant at high tide it blocked the entire beach; beach strollers who timed their excursions wrong when they walked down past the Surfsand had to either get wet or trespass to get back again.

The Hug Point road in roughly 1915, with a wagon and
team driving it. The roadbed was cut into Hug Point to
prevent wagons (and, later, cars) from having to drive
directly out into the surf to get around the point, which
thrust right up against the sea (hence its name; you had
to "hug the point" to get around).

Whatever Hay’s skills in real estate might have been, they did not tread much into the domain of public relations. Complaints from the public started flying thick and fast. In response, an investigator from the Highway Department came to Cannon Beach to look into the matter, and found that Hay had stocked “his” beach with cabanas, picnic tables and lounge furniture. Crossing the fence to get a closer look, he was accosted by a motel staffer and ordered off the “private beach.”

Highway Department attorneys looked up the statute and soon found the “loophole” in the law. So the House Highway Commission, under the leadership of Rep. Sidney Bazett, produced a bill in the 1967 legislature that would fix the oversight.

The resistance

But once word started getting out to the wealthy beachfront property owners that they actually owned their beaches, they got very excited. Immediately they started contacting legislators, including House Majority leader Robert Smith, and urging them to oppose the bill on property-rights grounds. When backers tried to send the bill to the House floor, they found they didn’t have the votes to get it there; yet the opponents didn’t have the votes to kill it, either. So there it sat, in purgatory, waiting for someone to notice it.

Soon, somebody did: Associated Press reporter Matt Kramer. It was Kramer who dubbed it “The Beach Bill” — previously it had been known only as H.B. 1601. Slowly, a few members of the public started realizing what was happening.

Tom McCall dives in

Former Oregon Governor Tom McCall. (Image: Oregon
Historical Society)

Meanwhile, Oregon Governor Tom McCall had been watching the progress of the Beach Bill. With Kramer reliably focusing on it, he decided now was the time to wade into the fracas, and dashed off a feisty and supportive letter to Bazett.

“We cannot afford to ignore our responsibilities to the public of this state for protecting the dry sands from the encroachment of crass commercialism,” he wrote tartly — and then leaked the letter to the press.

Suddenly the Beach Bill was on the front page. The public sat up and stared. Then they started getting angry. It turned out that public access to the beach was something the average Oregonian felt pretty strongly about, even those who never went. When Portland TV station KGW (Channel 8) urged viewers to pester their representatives about it, more than 30,000 cards, letters and telegrams poured into Salem — the largest public response to any legislative issue in state history, before or since.

A crafty plan to steal more of the beach

The bill’s opponents, hoping to salvage the situation, resorted to what they must have fancied was a clever subterfuge. They proposed a change so that instead of owning the sands between low and high tide, the state would own the beach up to 7 feet above sea level.

It surely took some chutzpah to propose this in the face of the torrent of increasingly hostile attention these guys were getting from the public. Their proposal would have actually given away a healthy chunk of the “wet sands” — the part of the beach that everyone agreed belonged to the state.

Perhaps hoping to rush this change through before anybody got wise, the opponents tried to force the Highway Committee to vote on the amended bill. Through various maneuvers, Bazett delayed. He’d been talking to the governor, and he knew there was a little surprise coming up for the plotters.

The crafty plan backfires

The trap sprang early on a Saturday morning in May, on the beach at Seaside. McCall and his entourage arrived in two helicopters, which set down on the beach.

“The politicians and the lawyers have got this beach situation all fouled up,” McCall told the waiting reporters, according to Walth’s account. “Now the scientists are here to straighten it out.”

He went on to explain that oceanographers from Oregon State University had determined that the best way to define the beach was as 16 feet above sea level — not seven feet, as the Legislature had hopefully suggested. As he spoke, surveyors in official-looking outfits were measuring and pounding stakes into the beach.

Then he explained: The top stake — pounded into the dry sand of the beach at a spot well below the line of vegetation — was where the OSU scientists thought the  beach should start. The middle stake — farther toward the ocean, at the top edge of the wet sands — was where the current law placed the boundary.

Then he strode to the last stake, which was driven into the wet sand very near the surf and would, a few hours hence, be underwater. That, he told the reporters, was where the House Republican leadership wanted the line to be.

The debate ends with a thud

It was a public-relations master stroke. It clearly illustrated the fundamental reasonableness of the governor’s position — which, remember, was more or less exactly what three generations of Oregonians had thought was their legally-stipulated birthright all along — as well as the deviousness of the Legislators in trying to roll it back. It made McCall’s opponents look like sneaky thieves.

After that, there was no stopping it. All but the most die-hard opponents caved, and the Beach Bill passed the House 57 to 3.

The Senate, which had been watching the bloodbath in the lower house with considerable interest, made sure the bill spent as little time as possible in their custody, and a few days later McCall was signing it safely into law.

(Sources: Walth, Brent. Fire at Eden’s Gate. Portland: OHS Press, 1994; Jelsing, Nadine. “The Beach Bill,” Oregon Experience (video production). Portland: OPB, 2007)